The story of the Exodus is a story of the God of Israel entering into a land of bondage, triumphing over His adversaries in their own dominion, and emerging victorious. As the Victorious King He delivers His people, who have been held captive, from their bondage and makes them His own sons.
In the beginning of the book of Exodus, when God is commissioning Moses to go into the land of Egypt and deliver His people in bondage, God says to Moses, “So he [Aaron] shall be your spokesman to the people, and he himself shall be your mouth; and you shall be to him as God” (Ex. 4:16). Going into the land of bondage Aaron serves as a voice for Moses, who himself is the representative of the God of Israel, announcing judgement and delivery of God’s people. Throughout the story Moses performs many wondrous signs and miracles in the sight of everyone; some of which are clear signs that the God of Israel is conquering the gods of Egypt. The first and ninth plagues manifest a clear defeat of Egypt’s gods by the God of Israel. The Egyptians worship the Nile river as a god and by turning the water of the Nile to blood the God of Israel has turned the life of the Nile the death. Likewise when the God of Israel causes darkness to fall upon the land of Egypt He has shown His might over the divine sun; extinguishing the light of the divine. Finally, after the final plague and the celebration of Passover – where the blood of a lamb was placed upon wooden doorposts – Pharaoh relents and allows the people of Israel to leave. On their way out the people of Israel are pursued by Pharaoh and his armies but the God of Israel has another mighty act to perform. As Moses stretches out his arms on the edge of the sea the waters part before him and the people are granted safe passage through the sea. While Israel makes there way through the passage they are again pursued by Pharaoh and his armies; but what becomes the deliverance of Israel is the destruction of Pharaoh. As Israel passes through to the other side Moses once again stretches out his hands and the waters of the sea come crashing down on Pharaoh and his armies; drowning in the waters that brought new life to Israel. Having been delivered by the God of Israel through the ministry of Moses the people of Israel have gone from slavery to sonship; as God Himself adopts them as His firstborn son (Ex. 4:22).
Since the first fall of creation where the Serpent outwitted the first formed man and women all of humanity has been plunged into death and under the dominion of the prince of the age; rather than assuming the sonship given to them the human race was taken captive and made slaves in a house of bondage. The Exodus of Moses was a proleptic event anticipating the coming of a new and greater Moses Who would deliver His people from the bondage of the serpent. While Moses had been the representative of the God of Israel the new Moses was the very God of Israel Himself; embodied and enfleshed. While Aaron was the voice of an un-eloquent Moses the new Moses is Himself the Word Who is preceded by the voice crying in the wilderness. The signs and miracles of Moses announced the victory of the God of Israel over the powers of Egypt while the signs and miracles of the new Moses announced the victory of the God of Israel over the dark powers of the world. The blood of the lamb on the wooden posts and the outstretched arms of Moses looked forward to the outstretched arms of the Lamb of God upon the wood of the cross; pouring out His blood for the life of the world. Through His death on the cross the new Moses entered into the dominion of the true and greatest Pharaoh; who had held all humanity in death from the beginning. Just as the passing through the sea was the deliverance of Israel and the defeat of Pharaoh so the entrance of the new Moses into the dominion of death conquered the true Pharaoh in his own dominion. Just as Israel plundered the spoils of the Egyptians so the new Moses entered into the house of the strongman, tied him up, and plundered his spoils. Just as Moses entered into the sea and came up on the other side with slaves turned to sons so the new Moses rose up from the dead, raising up humanity with Himself turning the captives into sons of God.
The descent of Christ into Hades is the true Exodus where the God of Israel enters into the domain of death; the house of bondage for all mankind from the first fall of creation. Entering into death Christ conquers the devil, delivers those held in bondage, and raises them up with Himself into new life; His own Life. The Son of God Who entered into, destroyed, and was raised from the dead gives His life to those who were dead and makes them into sons of God.